The ISDMG notes with great dismay the seeming non-challant attitude of Ministries, Departments and Agencies of Government to adequately adhere to the principles of the FOI Act.

It is imperative to point out that MDAs exist to provide services to Nigerians; the law, recognising this fact, gives every Nigerian the right to access information and by virtue of the Act, MDAs are to respond to these requests accordingly. In fact, a section of the Act requires public institutions to proactively disclose certain information.

The mandate of the ISDMG covers the monitoring of the service delivery component of public institutions’ workings in Nigeria; response to FOI being a major pillar of our assessment indices. Our yearly assessment culminates in the award process of the most outstanding public institution(s) in Nigeria for the reviewed year, after a rigorous internal technical sifting mechanism and public perception index.

The 2015 analysis of public institutions’ response to Freedom of Information Act indicates a slight departure from previous years; hitherto, many institutions failed this simple but important test. Out of 114 shortlisted institutions that received ISDMG FOI requests for that year, only 56 responded, representing about 50% rate of response. Institutions like Bureau of Public Service Reforms (BPSR) and Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) were outstanding as they responded within four (4) days of receipt of our request.

In actual fact, only 11 out of 114 institutions (10%) met the 7 days requirement of the Act in responding to our request.

In 2016, out of about 41 FOI requests sent out, only 14 institutions responded at various intervals ranging from 48 hours to 3 months and then, lack of response out rightly.

The point of this analysis is to place a call on public institutions in Nigeria to adhere to the principles of the FOI Act especially the 7 days response time stipulated by the law. Section 4 of the Act provides thus:

Where information is applied for, under this Act, the public institution to which the application is made shall, subject to sections 6, 7, and 8 of this Act, within 7 days after the application is received –

(a) Make the information available to the applicant

(b) Where the public institution considers that the application should be denied, the institution shall give written notice to the applicant that access to all or part of the information will not be granted, stating reasons for the denial, and the section of this Act under which the denial is made.

Substantial compliance to the provisions of this law will not only help in information dissemination but will engender better service delivery in our public sector.

The Independent Service Delivery Monitoring Group (ISDMG) also known as Centre for Transparency Advocacy is a consortium of Civil Society Organizations with primary focus on providing honest, unbiased, independent and transparent assessment of Government’s activities in Nigeria through its Ministries, Departments and Agencies.

Faith Nwadishi

Director, Mobilization and Communication